Maryam Nastar, (Mal)Adaptation to extreme urban heat: At what cost, to whom?
The proposed research project aims to explore maladaptation responses to extreme urban heat and to identify the institutional conditions required to avoid them.
More specifically, it aims to analyse the impacts of “smart” adaptation strategies in the global South since there are growing concerns over the inclusivity and fairness of digitalisation and the extent to which it can improve the living conditions of vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in exposure to extreme urban heat.
The research project draws on the impacts of adaptation policies and practices in Ahmedabad, India, where groundbreaking smart initiatives addressing heatwave-related risks have been introduced,and it aims to address the following questions:
- How are the benefits and costs of digitalised adaptation responses, to deal with extreme urban heat, distributed across different social groups?
- What is evidence of maladaptation, and why?
- What institutional settings are required to ensure inclusive (digitalsed) adaptation responses to extreme urban heat?
Rashmi B. Prasad, Dissecting the heterogeneity and early life origins of diabesity in undernourished and overnourished populations for early prediction and prevention, an Indo-Swedish collaborative study
Adult-onset diabetes, primarily those labelled as type 2 diabetes (T2D) comprise >90% of diabetes. Currently ~537 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, predicted to increase to 643 million by 2030 and 783 million by 2045. Obesity and aging are important environmental triggers of T2D and the number of obese individuals has increased 4-fold during the last 30 years.
Risk of developing T2D is influenced by a complex amalgam of genetic predisposition, events during early life, and the impact of the diverse cultural, social and economic factors that define our adult “environment”.
Disentangling these factors, and understanding their relationship to each other, is of the utmost importance in facilitating prevention and appropriate treatment strategies. This represents the key goal of this proposal.
- Aim 1: Dissect the differences in etiology and evolution of diabesity in undernourished and overnourished populations in India and Sweden.
- Aim 2: Investigate the early life origins of diabesity in both populations and uncover underlying molecular mechanisms in tissues of interest.
The grant equals one month’s full-time work.
For more information about the grant visit sasnet.lu.se/article/grants-writing-research-application-ansokningsmanad