Division of Medical Engineering, School of Technology and Health (STH), Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm
Address: Avdelningen för Medicinsk Teknik, Skolan för teknik och hälsa, KTH, Alfred Nobels Allé 10, SE-141 52 Huddinge, Sweden
Fax: +46 (0)8 21 83 68
Web page: http://www.kth.se/sth/forskning/medicisink_teknik
The Division of Medical Engineering started in 2004 with the aim to develop interdisciplinary research in the medical imaging area. The division is a part of the KTH School for Technology and Health (one of the nine schools that KTH is divide into), and is localized next to Karolinska university hospital in Flemingsberg in southern Stockholm. The overall objectives are to provide easier diagnosing of cardiovascular disease, to validate and develop non invasive imaging techniques and to quantify skeletal muscles diseases. The research focus on parametric imaging of ultrasound images, where the concept is to clearly visualize the parameters with the best diagnostic values. Other research projects are automatic analysis of human motion in real time, further development of the gammacamera, multifunction catheters and wireless communication.
New methods and work with improvements to existing methods for diagnostics, monitoring, and treatment within healthcare and medical applications are developed. Research projects deal with describing physiological processes for predicting results from treatments. Development of new sensor systems is another field of research, and so is improved and simplified information transfer within the different parts of medical services.
In close collaboration with Karolinska University Hospital, research and development is also carried out with an anbition to get a better understanding of the complex relations between the way we build, design and organize medical equipment, production and working processes and the effects these have on personal safety, health and well being.
In 2008 the Department of Applied Information Technology (2IT) at the KTH School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) was closed down. Some researchers connected to 2IT, incl. Dr. Mannan Mridha, were then shifted over to the Division of Medical Engineering at the School of Technology and Health.
Dr Mannan Mridha was born in Bangladesh and acquired basic education from Warsaw Technical University, Poland and Linköping University in Sweden. He defended his doctoral dissertation on ”
Mridha is involved in research on biomedical engineering, focusing on developing tools for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes with the aim to develop a preventive health care technology, at a low cost so that it can be attractive for use in developing countries. He has also done research on the development of low cost intelligent devices for environmental urban air quality monitoring.
Abstract: Most of the people in the developing countries are living in the rural areas with inadequate health care delivery system and shortage of medical specialists. With the decline in the computer price, rapid improvement in the telecommunication facilities and introduction of Internet connections, it is an exciting challenge to introduce telemedicine in the developing countries. It can be expected that telemedicine may help to integrate the rural medical infrastructure to share resources with expert services both nationally and internationally. Based on the outcome of a workshop on telemedicine that was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh, in January 2004, we propose a project to develop some basic telemedicine services to be provided to rural health-centres in collaboration with Grameen Healthping, Mlardaden in Vster and the BIRDEM hospital in Bangladesh. We plan to develop guidelines for proper management of medical equipment for clinical data collection, reliable transmission of data between the patient at the rural centre and the specialists at the referred centre by developing reliable software and hardware platform appropriate for the existing infrastructure. The project will also evaluate the clinical effectiveness, security, reliability of telemedicine technology and its effects on quality, cost and accessibility of care and investigate ways for its sustainability.
In November 2005 Dr. Mridha received was given SEK 600 000 as a three years Swedish Research Links (Asian–Swedish research partnership programme) grant by Sida and the Swedish Research Council, for a project titled ”
In October 2007 Dr. Mridha received SEK 450 000 as a three year grant (2008-10) from the Swedish Research Links programme (funded by Sida and the Swedish Research Council) for an project titled ”
Project abstract: Health effects from the contaminated drinking water is severe in many parts of the world. The surface water as well as the ground water from many sources, contain biological and chemical contaminants. Simple, effective and affordable water treatment technology for household use in the rural areas in the developing countries is lacking. Most of the developing countries have plenty of sunshine and a lot of surface water and rain water. This study aims to develop a simple, robust and cost-effective system for safe drinking water from surface water and rain water using direct solar energy. Such system would be appropriate for application in the developing countries where ground water is arsenic contaminated and electricity and fuel are scarce and expensive. Read a more extensive abstract.
In November 2011, Dr. Mridha received SEK 750 000 as a three year grant (2012-14) from the Swedish Research Links programme (funded by Sida and the Swedish Research Council) for a project entitled ”To develop a Model of Patient Safety System to improve the Safety and Quality of Patient Care at the Intensive Care Units at the Hospitals in Bangladesh” in collaboration with Mohammad Saiful Islam, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka. More information on the Swedish Research Links grants 2012.
Project abstract: A multidisciplinary team from Bangladesh and Sweden will work together to study patient factors, task factors, provider factors, team factors and institutional environment factors to achieve better care and safety at the hospitals in Bangladesh. The team will develop guidelines to detect failures and complications, spread patient safety principles and set the stage for further work to ensure safe and effective use of medical devices and thus improve patient safety and care. Potential use-related hazards will be identified using human factors engineering. The work will also describe how hazards related to medical device use should be addressed during device development as part of the risk management process guidance. The researchers anticipate a continuation and replication of the project at other hospitals and clinics in Bangladesh, and other developing countries. The project will increase visibility of the ICT related activities for better safety at the hospitals in the developing countries. The project’s impact would be; effective intensive care with reduced risk, fewer people in accident, enhanced efficiencies in the health sector, provide better health, increase ability for higher income and thus reduce poverty. Therefore, we hope that the project will make significant contribution to achieve SIDA’s objectives to support developing countries for better access to health information, delivery of safe medical knowledge and communication for the benefit of the patients.
|Rice and jute fields in Bangladesh.|
|Seminar on the importance of e-farming.|
Project abstract: Almost 80 percent of Bangladesh’s population lives in the rural areas, with 54 percent of them employed in agriculture. Agriculture is the primary occupation for a major segment of population. The performance of the agricultural sector has a great impact on major macroeconomic objectives like employment generation, poverty alleviation, human resources development and food security. The problems and challenges in the agricultural sector in Bangladesh was summarized by World Bank as Low agricultural productivity, Poorly functioning input and output markets, are some of the needs to be addressed urgently. The agriculture needs to be devloped and e-Agriculture is an emerging field for providing farmers with relevant agricultural information for their development and business, and, therefore, it need the conceptualization, design, development and application of innovative ways to utilize existing or emerging Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs). In this pilot project, we plan to empower the rural farmers by creating for them access to the agricultural experts utilizing the existing ICT tools available at the rural centre that we have been using for e-Health and e-Learning activities to empower the rural people. We plan to increase the functionality of rural ICT centre to improve the food and nutritional security of the rural community through the sustainable management and development of land, agriculture and forestry resources. Read more...
|Project coordinator, Mannan Mridha (to the right) together with Professor Muhammad Yunus, founder of Grameen Bank and 2006 Nobel Peace Prize winner.|
While working at the now closed-down Dept. of Applied Information Technology (2IT), at the KTH School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Kista, Dr. Mridha was instrumental in making it possible for students at the department to do field work in developing countries on Biomedical Engineering and Telemedicin. This was made possible through Minor Field Studies (MFS) grants.
Dr. Mridha was also instrumental in establishing contact with the Gono Bishwabidyalay (People’s University) in Savar, Bangladesh, resulting in a collaboration project funded by the Linnaeus Palme exchange programme from 2003 and onwards. Students wrote exam papers on studies carried out in Bangladesh, for example on developing hand-held measuring instruments to test pollution in water, and on the prerequisites for implementing telemedicine in the Bangladeshi countryside.
In the Spring 2005 two students, Monir and Mohammed, examined how medical equipment is presently used, and how it could be efficiently used in rural areas. While carrying out the field work the students were supervised by Dr. Mridha, who also usually puts his own house outside Dhaka at the students’ disposal.
Further, the 2IT department was involved in a ICT4D (ICT for developing countries) project funded by SPIDER (the Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions) in Bangladesh during 2004-2005. It was carried out in collaboration with Grameen Communications, a company in charge of the management information system (MIS) related to the microfinance system used by Grameen Bank. Dr. Mannan Mridha was the coordinator. The project titled "
Dr. Mannan Mridha is also coordinating a major ICT project in Bangladesh, funded by SPIDER with SEK 1.6 million for the period September 2007–December 2009. The project is titled ”
The project addresses the acute shortage of qualified healthcare workers and the lack of modern medical technologies in rural areas. In Bangladesh, the majority of medical specialists are concentrated to the urban areas although about 80% of the population lives in the rural areas. The project will contribute to the socio-economic development in Bangladesh by combining innovative technologies with appropriate capacity building for rural development work. The aim of this two and a half year project is to achieve better healthcare conditions through ICT for the rural poor in Bangladesh. The overall goal of the project is to improve the performance of rural health workers and increase the access to rural healthcare services for the rural poor in the district of Magura in Bangladesh. More information about the project.
In March 2009 the Swedish International Programme Office for Education and Training decided upon the ninth round of Linnaeus Palme Exchange Programme grants, for the period 1 July 2009 – 30 June 2010. See a list of the South Asia related projects given support. The KTH School of Technology and Health received SEK 136 000 to develop a new collaboration project with Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib (BSM) Medical University in Bangladesh.
BMS is considered to be the best known medical school for undergraduate and graduate studies in health sciences in Bangladesh. The university has a long tradition of medical education and education of health sciences for other health care professions. The project will be coordinated by Dr. Mannan Mridha from KTH School of Technology and Health, together with Dr. Heikki Teriö, Research Manager at the Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge. The contact person on the Bangladeshi side is Dr. Mohammad Saiful Islam, Dean for the Faculty of Surgery, BSM Medical University.
The three researchers involved have previously made a study on how to improve patient safety in intensive care units (ICU) by identifying and eliminating failures that lead to errors and increase risk of harm to patient. The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is particularly prone to medical errors because of the complexity of the devices, interdependence of the practitioners, and dependence on functioning of personnel and equipment. The ICUs should be specially staffed and equipped and managed so that the patients with life threatening illnesses or serious complications are treated well. A balance among risk, benefit and resource availability in relation to each diagnostic and/or therapeutic intervention in the context of the individual patient is essential.
As a result of their study, it has been decied that the Linnaeus Palme project should offer an undergraduate course for health care providers at both the institutions in Sweden and Bangladesh on Medical safety.
During the first two years of this exchange programme, two teachers from Sweden would travel to Bangladesh, and two teachers from Bangladesh would travel to Sweden, to teach courses introducing project based and problems oriented elements into the teaching methodologies. From the third year, the students exchange programe would start where, initially two students from BSM Medical University would travel to KTH to study courses at KTH and also together with two Swedish students jointly work on a thesis project. At the same time, two Swedish students work at BSM medical University to conduct thesis work jointly with students in Bangladesh. This would increase international collaboration for future networking. More information about the exchange programme. The project received continued funding for the period 2011-12. More information about the South Asia related Linnaeus Palme projects for 2011-12.
In July 2010, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), through its program for Partner Driven Cooperation (Aktörssamverkan), announced a call for applications for grants to collaborative projects related to access to and use of research for the period 2010 – 2012. This program is not support to research but rather assisting partners in assessing and using research in policy formulation and innovation. Sida’s initiative for Partner Driven Cooperation is aiming to support sustainable cooperation relationships, and concerns only a few selected countries, namely China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. More information.
In December 2010, decisions were made. A total number of 32 projects were selected, out of which nine refers to Indo-Swedish collaboration projects. Information about all India related projects given grants.
Dr. Mannan Mridha is the main applicant for one of these India related grants. He and his colleagues behind the application are given SEK 1.4 m for two years (2010-11) for a project entitled ”Development of cost-effective and Mobile Diagnostic Systems for application in the developing countries”. The project will be run by Dr. Mridha in collaboration with Professor Lars Åke Brodin, Head of the Division of Medical Engineering; Dr. Heikki Teriö from the Biomedical Engineering Department at Karolinska University Hospital in Huddinge; and Dr. Mandalika B. Srinivas from the International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) in Hyderabad.
Abstract: Most of the people in the developing countries are living in the rural areas, and do not have easy and affordable access to qualified medical doctors and medical technology. The rural health workers’ quality and performance could be improved significantly, provided they get access to reliable, robust and cost effective medical equipment for proper diagnostic purpose and medical experts for consultations. New advances in semiconductors, sensor electronics and ICT offer exciting opportunities to improve health care services availability to remote environments.
Based on this reasoning, the project seeks to develop and integrate multiple technologies into mobile telemedicine system for application in developing countries.
The researchers have initiated some work in India and Bangladesh, where the health workers are being trained at a rural ICT centre that is connected to a group of medical experts at the medical university. They plan to continue our research to develop a mobile telemedicine system developing safe and affordable diagnostic devices, compatible to suitable operating platform. Medical data, images or sound acquired can be transmitted or stored for use at a later date. They also plan to develop applications and content for awareness development and capacity building employing ICT tools for the rural health care providers and general population, taking the importance of local contexts and population characteristics into account. The telemedicine system desired to be designed would be handheld, battery operated, safe and affordable so that the rural health workers can carry it from door to door for monitoring and diagnostic purpose, and to follow up treatment. It will be possible to store medical data for analysis or transmission to a remote team of expert physicians for second opinions, and thus provide cost-effective patient care in the remote and rural areas as well as support the health education mission to achieve sustainable socio-economic development.