Department of Government, Uppsala University
Postal address: Box 514, 751 20 Uppsala
Visiting address: Theatrum Oeconomicum, Gamla Torget 2
Web page: http://www.statsvet.uu.se/
The Department of Government studies every aspect of political life – from the ideas of ancient thinkers to the decision-making of today. The problems of democracy are dealt with from the point of view of classical theory and contemporary debate. Comparative studies of foreign countries, systems of government and politics are also done. Moreover, the interplay between states at the global political arena is studied at the department. The Uppsala Chair in Eloquence and Government was established in 1622 by Johan Skytte, the first Chancellor of Uppsala University. It is said to be one of the oldest, still active, professorships in Political Science in the world today.
Ongoing research connected to South Asia:
Hans Blomkvist and Sten Widmalm are among the leading South Asia scholars in Sweden, and has produced lots of research material over the years, which can be studied at their respective personal web pages mentioned above.
The Indian researchers have been:
The project was born out of a previous research project,
Dr. Blomkvist is now working with a research programme on institutions and bioenergy in Europe and India, ”
Abstract: Growing concerns about a global energy crisis and climate change are set against the background of an 80 per cent dependence on fossil fuels. A second crucial factor is the rapid economic growth in China and India, having 30 per cent of the world’s population. Energy use in India is estimated to grow by close to 3 per cent annually 2004-2015, almost two and a half times as rapidly as in the OECD. Bioenergy has been projected as one of the important remedies to the twin challenges of energy shortage and climate change. Presently energy from biomass and waste covers more than a third of India’s energy use, but almost all of it represent “traditional” burning of wood fuel, agricultural waste and dung. But the contribution to electricity production in India from biomass and waste is projected to grow by 20 per cent annually 2004-2015.
Energy belongs to the ‘concurrent list’ in India, meaning that the political responsibility is shared between the federal government in New Delhi and 35 states and union territories. This paper will probe into the policies of energy and renewable energy – particularly bioenergy – at the central (federal) and state level in India. Three states will be in focus and compared: Andhra Pradesh,
Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. All three have a relatively standard of living and are governed relatively well, but they differ conspicously in terms of renewable energy used: Tamil Nadu with 22 %, Andhra Pradesh with 5 % and Kerala with only 1 %. What can explain these differences?
Prof. Widmalm is the Director for Uppsala University’s Master's programme in Development Studies. The programme is run by the Department of Government, but with the aid of researchers and lecturers at a number of different educational institutions. It gives preparation for a professional career as an investigator and analyst in both the private and the public sector both nationally and internationally. More information about the programme.
Sten Widmalm has also been engaged in a research project on ”
In January 2008, Dr. Widmalm published the results of his research in a new book titled ”Decentralisation, Corruption and Social Capital. From India to the West” (SAGE Publications).
Abstract: The book provides fresh perspectives and insights on what may be the world’s largest ongoing decentralisation reforms—the Panchayat Raj reforms in India – and presents unique empirical material from Madhya Pradesh and Kerala. Comparative perspectives and references to historical cases from around the world are used to show how decentralisation can be connected to social capital and corruption. In particular, this book shows how certain forms of social capital, previously thought to be a hindrance to development, can work in favour of democracy. Widmalm argues that there exists a strong and direct connection between degrees of corruption in village performance and the level of trust in society, even though only an ambiguous link can be said to exist between decentralisation and corruption. However, the kind of trust most strongly related to performance is not the kind we would expect from a reading of development literature or from the policies of certain aid agencies. This book shows that the relationship between decentralisation, corruption and social capital can be well understood if illuminated through the prism of collective action theory. Further, it dwells upon the consequences of these research results for aid policies. The book would be invaluable to aid agencies and development-oriented organisations, as well as students and researchers working in the areas of development, governance, decentralisation, federalism, social capital and civil society. More information.
Besides, Sten Widmalm has been involved in a another India related project, a comparative project focusing on tolerance among citizens in India and Uganda. In 2005 he published an article called ”Trust and Tolerance in India – Findings from Madhya Pradesh and Kerala” in the peer-reviewed magazine India Review (Issue 3-4, 2005). More information.
In February 2006 Prof. Widmalm received a SASNET planning grant for a project called ”Tolerance in Challenging Political Environments in Uganda, Kenya, India and Pakistan”, to be carried out together with the Africa expert Dr. Karolina Hulterström, then also at the Dept. of Government (later working at Sida in Stockholm). The planning grant was used for carrying out a preparatory visit to India and Pakistan (a planning grant for the pilot survey in Uganda and Kenya was given bySida/Sarec). Research partners in South Asia have been Dr. Sarwar Bari Pattan, Islamabad, Pakistan; Dr. Yogesh Kumar, Director for Samarthan, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India; and Professor Raman Kutty, Health Action by People, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
In October 2009, Prof. Widmalm was awarded main funding for this project on ”Freedom of Expression and Tolerance in Challenging Political Environments in Uganda, Kenya, India and Pakistan”, when it was awarded SEK 3.9 m as a three-years grant for the period 2010-12 from the Swedish Research Council for research within the fields of Humanities and Social Sciences. More information.
Project abstract: This is a study of political tolerance in India, Pakistan, Kenya, and Uganda. The project will focus on tolerance of the kind we associate with civil liberties and rights – liberties and rights that from a democratic perspective should belong to all citizens irrespective of race or ethnicity, gender, class, or, most important, opinion. We will consider the value which citizens place upon these liberties and what explains the variation in citizens’ levels of political tolerance. By means of surveys and in-depth interviews in all four countries, which vary in type of regime on a scale ranging from “democratic” to ”very weak democratic”, the project will test a set of hypotheses relating mainly to civil society, gender, type of regime, quality of governance, ethnic pluralism, and socioeconomic conditions. In particular, the project aims at investigating the possible influence of institutional factors and cultural values and traditions. The aim is to test the idea that state institutions that provide services (e.g. health services, education, judicial support) according to universalistic principles always contribute to political tolerance (measured as the support for the freedom of expression) no matter how plagued the cultural and political context may be with regard to lack of trust, ethnic divides, and socioeconomic inequalities.
On 5 March 2010, the same project was also awarded SEK 2.1 M as a project grant from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida. The grant is given for the period 2010–12.
Associate Professor Suruchi Thapar-Björkert joined the Department of Government in April 2010, as a Senior Lecturer. Her research interests focus on four main areas: 1) gender, nationalism and colonialism; 2) the political economy of gendered violence; 3) qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and 4) ethnicity, social capital and social exclusion.
She completed a PhD at the Centre for the Study of Women and Gender, Department of Sociology, University of Warwick in 1997. In recent years, Dr. Thapar-Björkert has held a senior lectureship at University of Bristol at the Department of Sociology, but has also had an affiliation to the Division of Gender and Medicine, Linköping University. During the Fall 2004 she was a guest researcher at the Dept. of Ethnic Studies, supported by ACSIS (Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden, also based at Linköping University Campus Norrköping). During her time in Sweden she gave lectures at different universities. On Tuesday 23 November 2004 she also visited Lund University and gave a SASNET lecture on ”Gendered Caste Conflicts in rural North India”.
She has also been connected to the Centre of Gender Excellence (GEXcel), jointly run by Linköping University and Örebro University. In 2006 she also completed a project with Integrationsverket, Sweden entitled ”
More information on her personal web page.
Dr. Anna Jarstad, also working at the Folke Bernadotte Academy, is now working on a research project entitled ”Opportunities and Obstacles: Local Ownership of Development and Stability in Northern Afghanistan”. This three-year project (2010–12) is led by Dr. Louise Olsson, and identifies and analyzes the opportunities and obstacles in creating development and stability through local ownership with international support in Afghanistan. In focus is the international approach to work strategically to strengthen the structure, influence and effectiveness of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in the areas where Sweden plays an important role for the development and security, namely the Northern Afghan provinces of Balkh, Samangan, Jowzjan and Sar-e Pol. This project is conducted at Folke Bernadotte Academy. More information on Anna Jarstad’s research.
Mohan Bera, PhD student from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) in Mumbai, India, spent the Fall semester 2012 at the Dept. of Government, as an Erasmus Mundus Action 2 mobikity programme scholarship holder. Mohan works on ‘Flood disaster issue in Indian part of Sundarban region’. He was working with Prof. Sten Widmalm and presented synopsis of his coming PhD thesis. He also attended three important international workshops and conferences in Germany, Norway and Sweden.
Former South Asia research at the department
PhD Ingrid Widlund defended her dissertation on ”
Ingrid Widlund was the Deputy Secretary to the Expert Group on Development Issues, EGDI, at the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs (a group that ceased to exist in May 2007). She is now working within the Ministry’s Department for Asia and Oceania.
PhD Magdalena Inkinen defended her dissertation on ”
In 2008, Dr. Inkinen started to work at the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education (Högskoleverket) in Stockholm.
Professor Emil Uddhammar has been involved in a comparative research project on
For some time, he has also been a visiting professor at the University of Hyderabad, India. Emil Uddhammar’s personal web page.
In November 2004, Uddhammar received a major three-years grant from the Swedish Research Council for this project. More information, with an abstract in Swedish.
In 2006, Emil Uddhammar became Professor in Political Science at the School of Social Sciences, Växjö University. More information on SASNET’s page about this department,
• Dr. Katrin Uba entered the PhD programme in 2002, and was being supervised by Hans Blomkvist. Her research was focused on the outcome of different forms of political protests i.e. the impact of social movement actions. Empirical material is related to campaigns against privatization in Latin America (Peru), South Asia (India) and Eastern Europe. She worked with a research project, funded by Sida/SAREC, on ”The impact of social movement actions – what makes them more effective.” Among her India related publications, she wrote an article in 2005 titled ”Political Protest and Policy Change: The Direct Impacts of Indian Antiprivatization Mobilizations”; and a 2005 conference paper from the European Sociologist Association (ESA) 7th Conference, held in Torun, Poland, titled ”Anti-Privatisation struggle in India”.
Katrin Uba defended her thesis titled ”Do Protests Make a Difference? The Impact of Anti-Privatisation Mobilisation in India and Peru” on Friday 1 June 2007. It focuses on the impact of various forms of political protests in different contexts. The empirical material is related to campaigns against privatization in Latin America (Peru) and South Asia (India). The aim is to test and develope further the theory on social movement impact on policy change. Faculty Opponent was Professor Anirudh Krishna, Duke University, USA.
Dr. Fiona Rotberg was previously connected to the Silk Road Studies Program, established at Uppsala University in 2002. At the Silk Road Studies Program, she was the Director for the research programme on Environmental Security in Asia. The purpose of the project was to understand to what extent environmental security issues contribute to intrastate conflicts and, ultimately, state failure. Within the field of environmental security, this research specifically analyzes the way that renewable natural resource scarcity contributes to intrastate conflicts. Country case studies were used for comparative analysis and to draw appropriate lessons learned for policy makers.
Within the framework of the Environmental Security in Asia project, a one day forum entitled "Nepal Water Security Forum" was arranged in Uppsala on Tuesday 27 March 2007 (more information). It was organised by Dr. Rotberg in collaboration with Prof. Ashok Swain from the Dept. of Peace and Conflict Studies, Uppsala University. The results from the one day forum has been published as a book titled ”Natural Resources Security in South Asia: Nepal's Water”, a volume edited by Dr. Fiona Rotberg and Dr. Ashok Swain. Go for the full book.
In October 2007, the Silk Road Studies Program moved from Uppsala to Stockholm, where it became an integrated part of the new Institute for Security and Development Policy (ISDP). Dr. Rotberg however decided to stay back at Uppsala University, being connected to the Dept. of Eurasian Studies during the period 2007-09.
Fiona Rotberg has also been editor for articles on Environmental Security issues published by the World Security Network, WSN (an international, independent, nonprofit organization, the largest global elite network for foreign and security policy). Dr. Rotberg’s research focuses on natural resource scarcity and state failure. She specializes in the roles that rule of law, community members, and cultural issues play in managing environmental conflicts. Among recent South Asia related articles are:
• Nepal: Environmental Scarcity and State Failure (WSN 26 May 2006)
• Pakistan and India’s Siachen Glacier: No Man’s Land for Conservation and Peace (WSN 21 September 2006)
• The world 's highest conservation battlefield: Conservation and security collide in India and Pakistan's battle for a border glaciers (Asia Media, 18 October 2006)
In November 2007, Dr. Rotberg received SEK 2.9 million as a three years grant (2008-10) from Sida's Developing Country Research Council (U-landsforskningsrådet) for a project titled ”Humanitarian Challenges of Climate Change: The Role of Social Networks in Promoting Resilience to Climate Variability”. More information about the 2007 Sida grants. The project will be carried out in collaboration with Dr. Dalem Barman, Chairman at the Dept. of Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. It deals with the projected impact of climate change in South Asia with extreme flooding and thus food insecurity and humanitarian disasters in the form of famine and potentially mass migration. By studying the specific setting of flood-prone areas of Bangladesh, this research project will enhance our understanding of how people cope with and adapt to the impacts of current-day climate variability. The research question to be asked is: "how do social networks contribute to human adaptation to environmental variability in areas subject to extreme natural hazards?" Social networks, as facilitators of collective action, will be examined for how they have influenced livelihood resilience in societies repeatedly affected by extreme natural hazards. This knowledge is much needed to predict society’s vulnerability to future climate change and identify possible needs and options for adaptive action.
From 2002 the Department of Government was involved in a program of teachers and students exchange with the Department of Political Science at Hyderabad University in India. The exchange was funded by a Linnaeus-Palme exchange Programme grant, see http://www.sasnet.lu.se/palmbevi04.html. The collaboration involved exchanging a couple of faculty members for three weeks periods every year, mainly for teaching on graduate and undergraduate level, but also for presentation of research in seminars etc. From the Spring semester 2005 two Masters students from each department also went to the other department to take courses for one semester. These courses were subsequently included in the students' exam at the home university. The next step forward was to develop and find more common ground between the two departments, both in terms of research and courses offered.
Prof. Prakash Sarangi, chair of the Dept. of Political Science at the University of Hyderabad, has been the Indian counterpart in this exchange programme. He has also been Joint director for the university’s so-called Study India Program (SIP), that runs educational programmes for many International institutions, amongst them the the Nordic Centre in India consortium, NCI.